Published at Wednesday, 10 October 2018. Interior Furniture. By Matthieu Poulin.
During the English Georgian period, one of the most famous cabinetmakers, Thomas Chippendale, began his career. Cabinetmakers were skilled in crafting fine furnishings, what we would call high-end quality. The interesting thing about Chippendale was that he was not an inventor. Instead, he took the best designs from other countries and adapted them into his own style. He was greatly influenced by French Rococo, Chinese and Gothic styles. He is best known for his great chair designs and because of these classic designs his name endures.
By 1925, Gropius had designed a new campus for the Bauhaus School, and legend has it that 23 years old teacher Marcel Breuer had the assignment of designing furnishings for the teacher's residences. As a designer, he sought, to integrate the geometry and simplicity of the Bauhaus philosophy with a strong desire for human comfort. The resulting chair for the home of faculty member Wassily Kandinsky, an Abstract Expressionism painter, was made from tubular steel. This was the first time the material had been used for general interior furniture, but its light weight, affordability, and strength made it an ideal choice. Although the chair is void of any decoration, the tubular steel frame gives a very complicated and boxy effect. The original version had back and seat slings of canvas that kept the body from contact with the nickel plated frame. By 1930, however, it was produced with chrome plating, which did not tarnish, and leather was option for the slings.
When Spain and Italy were in power, the furniture style was called Mediterranean (Renaissance) style, each country's style reflecting their own culture. Then, when the power shifted to France, the prominent styles were named after the kings: Louis XIV (Baroque) style, Louis XV (Rococo) style and Louis XVI (Neoclassical) style. When Napoleon took control of France the styles of that era were Directoire and French Empire.
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